Additional resources: ICTs for Development (ICT4D)

Developed by: APC

The Association for Progressive Communication (APC) - Internet and ICTs for Social Justice and Development

APC Africa ICT Policy Monitor:

APC Internet Rights Charter:

APC LAC ICT Policy Monitor:

APC-WNSP Policy Guide for Gender and ICTs: - Spanning the International Digital Divide

What is the digital divide?

Policy and the digital divide:

Real Access criteria:

CRIS Campaign - Communication Rights in the Information Society

Digital Access in the Developing World

Harvard Forum - A Dialogue on ICTs and Poverty

World Dialogue on Regulation for Network Economies

ICTs and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

United Nations Statistics Division - Millennium Indicators

Stories and Publications about Information and Communication Technologies

Latin America



Online indicator resources

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

Regulators and Telecom Ministries:
Indicators definition:
Indicators online:

Measuring the Information Society website (UNCTAD)

Research ICT Africa

World Bank Data and Statistics (ICT at a glance tables, by country)

Accuosto, Pablo and Johnson, Niki (2004). “Financing the Information Society in the South: A Global Public Goods Perspective,” APC Briefing Paper. Montevideo: Instituto del Tercer Mundo.

Annan, Kofi A. (2000). We the Peoples. The Role of the United Nations in the Century 21st. New York: United Nations.

Association for Progressive Communication (APC) (2003). ICT Policy: A Beginners Handbook. Part 3.

Carron, Joelle (n.d.) “The Funding of Universal Access”. Choike Briefing No 4. Montevideo: Instituto del Tercer Mundo (IteM).

Daly, John (2004). “The Institutional Divide: Is The Digital Divide a Symptom or a Cause?”

Economist (2005). “Behind the digital divide,” The Economist Technology Quarterly. March 12, pp.22-23.

Fink, Carsten and Kenny, Charles J. (2003). “W(h)ither the Digital Divide?,”. Info,
volume 5, number 6 (January)

Gerster, Richard and Zimmermann, Sonja (2003). ICTs for Poverty Reduction. Lessons for donors. Gerster Consulting.

Hewitt de Alcántara, Cynthia (2001). “The Development Divide in a Digital Age”. Geneva: Union Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD).

International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (2002). World Telecommunication Development Report 2002. Geneva: ITU. (only Executive Summary available for free download)

Lessig, Lawrence (1999). Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace. New York: Basic Books.

Maclean, D., Souter, D; Deane, J. and Sarah Lilley (2002). Louder Voices: Strengthening Developing Country Participation in International ICT Decision-Making. A study by the Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation and Panos London.

Mansell, Robin and Wehn, Uta (eds.) (1998). Knowledge Societies: Information Technology for Sustainable Development. New York: United Nations and Oxford University Press.

National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) (1999). Falling Through the Net: Defining the Digital Divide. Washington DC: Department of Commerce.

Prahalad, C.K and Hammond, Allen (2002). “Serving the World's Poor, Profitably,” Harvard Business Review. September.

Sciadas, George (ed.) (2003). Monitoring the Digital Divide…and Beyond. Montreal: Orbicom.

Spence, Randy (2003). Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for Poverty Reduction: When, Where and How?

Surman, Mark and Reilly, Katherine (2003). Appropriating the Internet for Social Change: Towards the Strategic Use of Networked Technologies by Transitional Civil Society Organizations. A publication of the Social Science Research Council.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2005). “A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millenium Development Goals”, New York: UNDP.

World Bank (2003) .World Development Report 2003. Washington DC: The World Bank.


Last updated 11 July 2005

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